Peruvian landscape is hugely diverse and spectacular. Bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil and Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean, Peru’s land raises from the sea to some of the world’s highest peaks. The geography of Peru is diverse and has various altitudes, creating 28 different climates, with 3 main geographical regions – the arid coastal plains in the west, the central & rugged Sierra / Andes Mountains and in the east, the lush and dense Amazon rainforest. Some stunning scenery can be found in the Colca Canyon where the local people still farm using the Inka terraces. The Nasca Lines phenomenon is another unique landscape in Peru, which clients can fly over to view the unexplained lines that create the pictures.
Peru has over 1,700 species of birds, over 500 species of mammals and over 300 species of reptiles. Mammals include spectacular species like the Jaguar and Spectacled Bear and rare endemic species like the Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey. There are over 1800 species of birds – the second highest number of any country. New species of birds are still being discovered and catalogued by scientists. 42 species have been officially added to science in the last 30 years. There are also approx 300 species of reptiles and approx 380 species of frogs in Peru. One of the best places in the world to view the huge Condor Birds is at Cruz de la Condor in the Colca Canyon. Here visitors can see close up the condors as they swoop up from their nests underneath where you stand.
Best time to visit?
The climate of Peru, because of its considerable size from north to south and the difference in altitude between the various areas of the country, is very varied. The climate of the country is greatly influenced by the presence of the chain of the Andes and from the cold Humboldt Current along the coasts of the Pacific Ocean. In general along the coast the climate is sub-tropical dry with very little rain. The summer runs from December to February and are hot (26 to 30°C); winters are chilly (10 to 18°C) and usually hazy all day long. Along the Andes Mountains, the climate has two seasons – a rainy summer (Oct- Apr) and a dry winter (May – Sept). The Amazon area has warm humid climate with rainfall throughout the year and a relatively short dry season between June and August.